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# Tunable Lasers Handbook

**Frank Duarte**

ISBN **012222695X**

Pages **477**

Description

Many laser applications depend on the ability of a particular laser to be frequency tunable. Among the many different types of frequency tunable lasers are: dye lasers, excimer lasers, and semiconductor lasers. Thisbook gives active researchers and engineers the practical information they need to choose an appropriate tunable laser for their particular applications.

Contents

F. J. Duarte, Introduction: Tunable Laser Complementarity. Goal of This Book. F. J. Duarte, Narrow-Linewidth Oscillators and Intracavity Dispersion: Dispersive Oscillator Configurations. Physical Dimensions. Generalized Interference Equation. Dispersion Linewidth Equation. Beam Divergence. Intracavity Dispersion. Intracavity Multiple-Prism Dispersion and Pulse Compression. Transmission Efficiency of Multiple-Prism Arrays. Wavelength Tuning. Appendix: Dispersion of Multiple-Prism Arrays and 4 x 4 Transfer Matrices. R. C. Sze and D.G. Harris, Tunable Excimer Lasers: Excimer Active Media. Tuning of Discharge and Electron Beam Pumped Excimer Lasers. Discharge Excimer Lasers. Charles Freed, CO2 Isotope Lasers and Their Applications in Tunable Laser Spectroscopy: Vibrational Energy-Level Structive of the CO2 Molecule. Rotational Energy-Level Substructure of the CO2 Molecule. Processes Governing the Excitation of Regular BandLaser Transitions in CO2. Additional Characteristics of Regular Band CO2 Lasers Transitions. Lineshape Functions and Broadening Due to Gas Pressure and Doppler Shift in CO2 Gas. Spectral Purity and Short-Term Stability. Long-Term Line-Center Stabilization of CO2 Lasers. Absolute Frequencies of Regular Band Lasing Transitions in Nine CO2 Isotopic Species. Pressure Shifts in Line-Center-Stabilized CO2 Lasers. Small-Signal Gain and Saturation Intensity of Regular Band Lasing Transitions in Sealed-off CO2 Isotope Lasers. Laser Design. Spanning the Frequency Range between Line-Center Stabilized CO2 Laser Transitions. Spectroscopic Use of CO2 Lasers outside Their Fundamental 8.9- to 12.4-(m Wavelength Range. F. J. Duarte, Dye Lasers: Laser-Pumped Pulsed Dye Lasers. Flashlamp-Pumped Dye Lasers. cw Laser-Pumped Dye Lasers. Appendix of Laser Dyes. Norman P. Barnes, Transition Metal Solid-State Lasers: Transition Metal and Lanthanide Series Lasers. Physics of Transition Metal Lasers. Cr:AlO3. Cr:BeAl2O3 Ti:Al2O3. Cr:LiCaAIF6 and Cr:LiSrAlF6. Cr:GSGG, Cr:YSAG, and Cr:GSAG. Co:MgF2, Ni:MgF2, and V:MgF2. Wavelength Control Methods. Norman P. Barnes, Optical Parametric Oscillators: Parametric Interactions. Parametric Oscillation. Spectral bandwidth and Acceptance Angles. Birefringence Effects. Average Power Limitations. Nonlinear Crystals. Phase-Matching Calculations. Performance. Tuning. Paul Zorabedian, Tunable External-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers: Semiconductor Optical Gain Media. Classes of External-Cavity Lasers. First-Order Properties. Feedback Model. External-Cavity Design. Cavity Components. Survey of External-Cavity laser Designs. Mode Selectivity of Grating Cavities. Phase-Continuous Tuning. Characterization Methods for External-Cavity Lasers. Measurement of Facet and External-Cavity Reflectances. Multimode Suppression. Multiple-Wavelength Operation. Wavelength Stabilization. Advanced Modeling Topics. Construction and Packaging. Applications. Stephen Vincent Benson, Tunable Free-Electron Lasers: Methods of Wavelength Tuning. Broadly Tunable Optical Cavities. Wiggler Considerations. Tunable Laser Facilities and Their Characteristics. Summary. References. Subject Index. F. J. Duarte, Introduction. F. J. Duarte, Narrow-Linewidth Oscillators and Intracavity Dispersion. R. C. Sze and D.G. Harris, Tunable Excimer Lasers. Charles Freed, CO2 Isotope Lasers and Their Applications in Tunable Laser Spectroscopy. F. J. Duarte, Dye Lasers. Norman P. Barnes, Transition Metal Solid-State Lasers. Norman P. Barnes, Optical Parametric Oscillators. Paul Zorabedian, Tunable External-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers. Stephen Vincent Benson, Tunable Free-Electron Lasers. References. Subject Index.